Directory of Environmental Organisations: Filter Definitions


Issues category Description
Biodiversity Land based biodiversity including land, soil, vegetation and native birds and animals.
Climate and energy Human induced climate change, driven by fossil fuel use in energy, transport and land management. Alternative energy systems.
Indigenous management Indigenous land and sea management including projects that include indigenous people in sustainable management of their traditional lands and work that supports this approach.
Marine Marine and coastal issues including biodiversity, fishing and extraction, pollution.
Sustainable agriculture Sustainable agriculture and food systems.
Sustainable cities Urban issues including planning, transport, waste and water.
Sustainable economy Solutions which transform our economy into one that lives within the limitations of the environment and without leaving a pollution legacy for future generations.
Toxics Toxic chemicals, hazardous wastes and contaminated drinking water.
Water Inland waters: rivers, estuaries and wetlands.


Approaches describes the type of work which the organisation does. Most organisations use more than one approach.
Approaches category Definition
Advocacy Advocacy includes public policy input and analysis, government relations and lobbying. Often involves communications and research.
Capacity building Capacity building is about ensuring efficient and effective grantees are able to better achieve outcomes. Building skills in the community such as leadership, advocacy, technology, and finance or developing partnerships.
Communications, public education and awareness Market research on how to communicate an environmental issue effectively, television advertising or mainstream media campaign, producing a brochure or new website content. Raising public awareness about an issue such as energy efficiency or recycling.
Community development Engaging with and empowering individuals and groups so they have the skills to effect change in their own communities.
Economic instruments Economic instruments send signals to businesses and investors which lead them to change their behaviour in order to remain profitable. For example, developing emissions trading schemes or biodiversity offset programs.
Legal work Using existing legislation to protect the environment or to test legislative capacity and meaning. Can be used in tandem with advocacy.
Indigenous management Indigenous participation in land and sea management.
Monitoring and evaluation Evaluating the actions taken to protect the environment. For example by setting up a long term monitoring and evaluation program with reporting and feedback.
Private land management Buying land for conservation and supporting private land owners to care for land and sea.
Research Research can be essential in understanding issues, threats, pressures, solutions and priorities.


All organisations in the Directory perform some or all of their work in Australia. The geographic area where the organisation does the bulk of its work is classified in the following way:
Geography category Organisational operations
International Based in multiple countries or where they cover the Asian and/or South Pacific region in addition to Australia.
National Operate across the country.
All of State Operate across a single state or territory.
State-marine Work on marine issues within a single state.
State-major cities/towns Operate within the capital city or a sizeable town within one state or territory.
State-regional Operate within one or more Natural Resource Management areas. The Directory uses the NRM classifications which were in place in 2013. There have been some minor changes since that time however most of the NRM regions are the same.

Tax status

Tax status category Definition
DGR – Deductible Gift Recipient status The organisation is able to provide a tax receipt for a donation received.
TCC – Tax Concession Charity status The organisation is registered with the Australian Charities and Not-for-profit Commission and has been endorsed by the Australian Tax Office to access one or more of the following tax concessions:
  • income tax exemption
  • GST charity concessions
  • Fringe Benefits Tax (FBT) rebate
  • FBT exemption
ITEC –Income Tax Exempt Charity status The Australian Tax Office have endorsed them as exempt from income tax.
Note that there may be some organisations on the Directory which have Public Benevolent Institution status and they will be classified as having all of the above tax statuses.